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This editorial outlines specific questions about the concept “family” as a foundation for life. It points to ethical signals that guide the reader’s move throughout the articles on family issues. Indeed, despite the current life mutations and complexities of today’s society, the ideal family consists of a father, a mother and their children. This family is to be seen as the locus of life birth, its protection and the education to life as well. As a result, the moral value of marriage and the responsibility of “becoming human” should be the leading ethical principles that make the family stable in its development of education for life as a key role in society. This editorial ends up with a panoramic view on various contributions to this issue of family within ethical framework.



Symphorien Ntibagirirwa
Ethique et Société

This editorial essay gives a framework within which articles published in this issue should be read understood. Against the background of Mahmoud Mamdani’s “African intellectual and identity: overcoming the political heritage of colonialism” and Albert Nolan’s “The Spiritual life of the intellectual”, it argues that the African intellectuals must come out of their intellectual ethnic kraal to embrace the itinerary of citizenship. As in the time of the struggle for independence 50 years back, they have the responsibility to help all their fellow citizens to build the edifice which will be inaugurated at the end of the next 50 years. This mind-shift has three major requirements with which the African intellectuals have to engage with, namely: 1) To define themselves as intellectuals, that is, as people who are in search of truth; 2) To develop the spiritual life of the intellectual, that is a kind of interiority that allows one to transcend egocentrism, individualism and sectarism so as to achieve the common good. It is question of becoming an “organic intellectual” who is open to the kind of change the society needs; 3) And finally, to develop the independence of the spirit, that is, the kind of distance that only truth can offer for anyone to break the barriers that separate people. The editorial concludes by a panoramic view of articles of publication. 



Symphorien Ntibagirirwa
Ethique et Société

Abstract:This editorial essay expresses the hopes and challenges of the African independence in terms of sentiments of pessimism and optimism. Neither of the two extremes can be held as absolute. Thus, the articles of this issue (Vol.9 Issue No.2) should be read against the background of a refusal of pessimism which sees horror and the refusal of exuberant and naïve optimism that dawns without perceiving the cloud of challenges to be faced. In between, the current challenges should be faced with the hopes built on a triad that should help Africa to leap into the far end of the future: 1) the priority of “being” over “having”,    2) the capital of  resilience and, 3) fostering education to nourish African anthropological and spiritual vigour as a condition of African renaissance.



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